Does nebulized 3% hypertonic saline treatment in the emergency department reduce the rate of hospital admissions among infants with a first episode of acute bronchiolitis?

BEEM Bottom Line

Why is this study important?

Bronchiolitis is a common cause of emergency department (ED) visits and hospital admissions. The effect of nebulized 3% hypertonic saline (HS) treatment on the reduction of the latter is unclear.

Which, if any, threats to validity are most likely to have an impact on the results and how?

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