Does the Quick-Wee method facilitate faster clean catch urine collection in infants?

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Why is this study important?

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common serious bacterial infection (SBI) in young children and clean catch urine (CCU) sample collection is necessary for an accurate diagnosis. Current techniques (i.e., catheterization) to obtain CCU are painful or notorious for skin contamination and time consuming. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a suprapubic cutaneous stimulation method using cold gauze to increase CCU collection rates for infants aged 1 to 12 months.

Which, if any, threats to validity are most likely to have an impact on the results and how?

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